This monograph opens with an examination of the aid industry and the claims of leading practitioners that the industry is experiencing a crisis of confidence due to an absence of clear moral guidelines. The book then undertakes a critical review of the leading philosophical accounts of the duty to aid, including the narrow, instructive accounts in the writings of John Rawls and Peter Singer, and broad, disruptive accounts in the writings of Onora O’Neill and Amartya Sen. Through an elaboration of the elements of interconnection, responsible action, inclusive engagement, and accumulative duties, the comparative approach developed in the book has the potential to overcome the philosophical tensions between the accounts and provide guidance to aid practitioners, donors and recipients in the complex contemporary circumstances of assistance.
The recent declaration by the media of the appearance of a ‘housing crisis’ in Ireland, particularly in Dublin, is indeed evidence that our housing system is seriously failing.
In May 2013, almost 90,000 households were on social-housing waiting lists in Ireland, mainly comprising (75 percent) households residing in the privately rented sector, now facing an escalation in rents. By 2011, over 70,000 owner-occupied households were over 90 days in arrears with their mortgage payments and it was estimated at that time that some 50 percent of home owners who had mortgages were in negative equity. In April of that year, 3,808 persons were in accommodation providing shelter for homeless people or were sleeping rough.